What is Web Server ?

A Web server is a program that uses HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) to serve the files that form Web pages to users, in response to their requests, which are forwarded by their computers’ HTTP clients. Dedicated computers and appliances may be referred to as Web servers as well.

Web servers are computers that deliver (serves up) Web pages. Every Web server has an IP address and possibly a domain name. For example, if you enter the URL http://techblog.tips in your browser, this sends a request to the Web server whose domain name is techblog.tips. The server then fetches the page named index.html and sends it to your browser.
Any computer can be turned into a Web server by installing server software and connecting the machine to the Internet. There are many Web server software applications, including public domain software and commercial packages.

There is Many types of web server software.

  1. Apache HTTP Server.
  2. Nginx Web Server.
  3. Internet Information Server (IIS).
  4. lighttpd.
  5. Litespeed Web Server.

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